Founders of Differential Geometry – Gaspard Monge & C.F.Gauss
Differential Geometry can be defined as a branch of mathematics concerned with the properties of and relationships between points, lines, planes, and figures and with generalizations of these concepts. It is a discipline that uses the methods of differential and integral calculus, as well as linear and multilinear algebra, to study problems in geometry.
Differential geometry was founded by Gaspard Monge and C. F. Gauss in the beginning of the 19th century. Important contributions were made by many mathematicians in the later part of the 19th century, including B. Riemann, E. B. Christoffel, and C. G. Ricci. This work was collected and systematized at the end of the century by J. G. Darboux and Luigi Bianchi.
Differential Geometry has wide scope of functioning. It can be used in Physics, Economics, Statistics, Engineering and Structural Geology. The importance of differential geometry may be seen from the fact that Einstein's general theory of relativity, physical theory, introduced by Albert Einstein, that discards the concept of absolute motion and instead treats only relative motion between two systems or frames of reference.
